Many know the name Guernica thanks in part to Pablo Picasso. Bombed in 1937, the events inspired Picasso’s most famous piece of art – “Guernica.” The bombing almost entirely destroyed the city and many civilians perished. Guernica also holds great political importance since it is home to the Guernica Tree, where Basques were granted autonomy in the Middle Ages. On a lighter note, the city is also host to the Monday Market, one of the most important markets of the Basque Country and home to the lovely Santa Maria church. The market at Guernica is a great Monday activity but museums there are closed as well. The Monday market of Guernica is the most famous market in the Basque Country.